Overseas investment loans support Japanese foreign direct investments. The loans can be provided to Japanese companies (investors), overseas Japanese affiliates (including joint ventures) and foreign governments or financial institutions that have equity participations in or provide loans to such overseas affiliates.
Direct loans to Japanese companies are intended for mid-tier enterprises and SME, as well as to projects aimed at developing or securing interests in overseas resources that are strategically important to Japan, and projects that support merger and acquisition (M&A) activities (these projects include those of large companies). Moreover, JBIC provides two-step loans (TSL) to support the overseas business deployment of Japanese companies, including mid-tier enterprises and SME, as well as TSL intended to support M&A activities by Japanese companies. JBIC is also able to provide short-term loans for overseas business operations when bridge loans are required to fill the financing gaps before that offers long-term loans. Moreover, JBIC is empowered to provide investment loans for projects in developed countries for specific sectors.
- Eligible Sectors of Overseas Investment Loans in Developed Countries
- Railways (high-speed, inter-city projects and projects in major cities)
- Road business
- Water business
- Biomass fuel production
- Renewable energy power generation
- Nuclear power generation
- Power transformation, Transmission and distribution
- Highly efficient coal-fired power generation
- Coal gasification
- Carbon capture and storage (CCS)
- Highly efficient gas-fired power generation
- Smart grid
- Development of telecommunications network
- Shipbuilding and Marine transport
- Satellite launching and operation
- Aircraft maintenance and sales
- Medical business(related to positron beam therapy facility)
- Petrochemical production
- Waste incineration and Waste to energy
- M&A activities, etc.
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Type of Loans
- Direct Loans to Foreign Entities
- Loans to Domestic Firms for the Projects Contributing to Securing Access to Stable Supplies of Resources to Japan (including Acquisition of Interests)
- With JBIC assuming specific risks, businesses can reduce political risk, including the risk associated with currency convertibility and transfer, which characteristically involves overseas business operations. JBIC helps as much as possible the business firms undertaking overseas projects, when they come to face difficulties in their relations with the local governments and authorities and due to inadequate supporting infrastructure.
- For small and medium enterprises, preferential terms are applicable.
JBIC provides loans in cofinancing with other financial institutions (usually the loan applicant's bank(s)) to meet the client's financial needs.
Loan terms and conditions are determined following the loan appraisal with respect to individual projects, while taking account of the following points.
Loan Amount, Currencies and Interest Rates
- The loan amount, which should not exceed the value of a contract associated with overseas investment, is applied to meet financial needs for undertaking a specific overseas investment project or long-term needs for investment to develop overseas business operations. Loans are disbursed when actual financing needs arise.
- Loans finance, in principle, up to a specified percentage of financial needs and are provided in cofinancing with private financial institutions with a view to complementing their financing.
- Loans may be provided in currencies other than the Japanese yen (in principle, in the US dollar or euro).
- Loans denominated in the yen carry fixed interest rates, while loans in other currencies carry, in principle, floating interest rates. A loan applicant should make an inquiry at the relevant loan department for specific loan conditions.
Repayment Period and Method
The repayment period is determined by taking account of the period required for recouping investment. Since no limit is set on the repayment period, repayment schedule can be set flexibly, including the grace period, depending on the expected rate of return on individual projects. In general, repayment periods range between one and ten years.
The sum of principal and interest has to be repaid by installments.
Security and Guarantee
JBIC makes its own judgment on security or guarantee after consulting with the client.